BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Flexible ureterorenoscopy (F-URS) plays a major role in the management of kidney stones. Ureteral access sheaths (UAS) are important tools for F-URS. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the difference in intrarenal pressures between different flexible ureteroscopes while using the same UAS and to calculate the irrigation flow variance.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Eight different flexible ureteroscopes were tested with five different UAS on an artificial kidney model to measure intrarenal pressures and irrigation flow. Irrigation at 60 cm H2O pressure was performed; the pressure and the irrigation flow amount were recorded with different states of the operator channel: Free, with the laser fiber (272 μm), and with the nitinol basket (1.9F) inside.
The highest pressure recorded was 46.68 cm H2O with Wolf Boa and 9.5/11.5F Cook Medical UAS. All the ureteroscopes that fit inside the 10/12F Coloplast ReTrace provided pressures below 40 cm H2O. The inner diameter of the 10/12 F Rocamed Bi-Flex* is actually 11F, so intrarenal pressures were lower and irrigation flow was higher. With the 11/13F Boston Scientific Navigator HD and 12/14F Coloplast ReTrace, the pressures were very low. The irrigation flow measurements were in concordance with pressure measurements.
The ureteroscope sizes diminished with advancements in technology. Small-sized ureteroscopes can provide low intrarenalpressures with good irrigation flow when used with convenient small-sized access sheaths. The compatibility between the ureteroscopes and UASs should be anticipated by all endourologists and considered during F-URS. The advantages of 10/12 UASs in terms of intrarenalpressure and irrigational flow should make these access sheaths an interesting first-line choice.
*BiFlex is distributed by Cogentix Medical in the United States
- PMID: 26381037