Endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux is a viable alternative to open surgery. We evaluated the effectiveness of polydimethylsiloxane in the endoscopic treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux. In the period between September 1994 and March 1996, 30 ureteral units of 20 children with vesico-ureteric reflux were treated by means of subureteric polydimethylsiloxane injection. Median age was 8 years in the group including 8 female and 12 male patients. Of the 30 ureteral units, 26 had no reflux at the end of the first injection. Two of the remaining four units were not refluxing after the second injection procedure. Contralateral reflux was observed postoperatively in two of the eleven patients who were treated for unilateral disease. It seems that endoscopic polydimethylsiloxane injection is an effective procedure in the treatment of vesico-ureteric reflux.
Source: PubMed 9607879